Laserplast
Melasma
True beauty lies in the beholder’s eyes

Melasma is an acquired hyperpigmentation typically seen on the forehead, nose and upper cheek area (there is also a form which appears on the jaw), that mainly affects women. It is also known as the “mask of pregnancy”, and connected to alterations in the estrogen and progesterone levels, typical of this phase in a woman’s life, or use of the combined estrogen-progesterone oral contraceptive pill. In reality it is believed that the cause is mainly genetic and closely linked to UV ray exposure. In some cases it may be linked to the use of medicines. Melanocytes appear only a little larger than usual, while melanin is abundant. Melasma is classified as epidermal, dermal or combined, depending on the depth at which the accumulation of pigment is greatest. Treatment is mainly medical (application of a Galenic solution on the skin every evening) but recurrence or resistence to medical treatment may necessitate a laser treatment which can be carried out with IPL, Q-switched laser, Er:Glass 1540nm laser or ultrapulsed fractional CO2 laser.

TYPE OF TREATMENT
Medical/Laser treatment
INFORMED CONSENT REQUIRED
Yes
TECHNOLOGY USED
Q-switched 532nm laser, Q-switched 694nm laser, 4th generation IPL, Er:Glass 1540nm laser, ultrapulsed fractional CO2 laser
LENGTH OF EACH TREATMENT
Varies according to the technology used
NUMBER OF TREATMENTS
Varies according to the technology used
TIME BETWEEN TREATMENTS:
30 – 40 days
TYPE OF ANAESTHETIC
None / Anaesthetic cream / Cold air at -20°C
SIDE-EFFECTS (ALSO TEMPORARY)
Redness (retinoid erythema), dry skin. For laser treatment, see the side effects of the individual treatments
PRECAUTIONS BEFORE TREATMENT
No exposure to sunlight or UV lamps. Apply SPF 50+ sun protection every 2 hours when outside. For laser treatment, see the side effects of the individual treatments
PRECAUTIONS AFTER TREATMENT
 The same as those before treatment