The cryolipolysis is a method for the nonsurgical reduction of subcutaneous fat. Adipose tissue is much more sensitive to low temperatures than skin and the exposure to a temperature substantially below 0°C for a limited (and known) time interval can determine a progressive resorption. While the skin is not damaged, in the adipose tissue first begins an inflammatory process, and then a process of apoptosis that leads to a significant volume loss of the fat layer. After a precise definition of the area of treatment, on the patient’s skin is applied an applicator, which pulls up the skin and subcutaneous fat. Then the temperature inside of the applicator is progressively brought down below 0°C for a time interval up to 50 minutes. The effectiveness of the treatment depends on the stability of the temperature of subcutaneous fat, therefore it is required maximum immobility of the patient. At the end of the treatment period, the effect of the pulsating suction is applied to the treated region for the restoration of the blood circulation of the skin.
The clinical effects are observed usually in 3 months, but this period may be significantly reduced if the area exposed to cryolipolysis will be treated with shockwaves immediately after the procedure in a way to increase the resorption of adipose cells.
The same anatomical region, as a rule, is treated up to a maximum of 3 times with an interval of 4 weeks between sessions. Different body areas can be treated every 15 days.